Hosting is the result of hosting, a way of receiving. As indicated by Pierre Duparc, in the article devoted to “tenures in accommodation and abbergement” (Library of the School of Charters 1964, t 122), the words “accommodation” and “abbergement” are of training. relatively late: they are not used probably even the middle of the eleventh century.
They are formed on the verbs “heberger-esbergier” and “haberger-abergier”, which have in the French texts of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, like the Life of Saint Alexis or the Song of Roland, the primitive meaning of “camping” or the more general meaning of “lodge”. “Hebergare, abergare” means in the acts of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, a right to housing or lodging, meaning already reported in the Carolingian era. Likewise in the oc language countries, the words “albergum”,
“Alberc”, “albergua”, “albergaria”, “arbergada” are used to designate the right of the lord to be lodged, that is to say lodged and fed under certain conditions by his subjects. It is this right which is generally known as the right of lodging, and which is still called in some other regions “procuratio” or “hospicium”.
“Aberger” takes, from the second quarter of the eleventh century, the general meaning of “give to cens”, that is to say, to return a property to an individual for certain benefits, and
“Cancellation” means the contract that governs the conditions of this discount. “Contract Abortment” allows the distribution of tenures of all kinds in the region of the ancient aberrations and in neighboring regions, such as the domains of the House of Savoy, French-speaking Switzerland or Dauphiné. It is besides the form “accommodation” which prevails in this sense, a form which seems to be then used in Savoy and in the Dauphiné. The practice of “aberration” gradually disappears. When the name remains, it is no longer, after the fourteenth century, an empty expression of meaning.
The accommodation then becomes a place of welcome, where one deploys a “way of receiving” in a dedicated housing, a “local used for housing” (early seventeenth century). There are several possible evolutions, such as perennial buildings, “hospices that provide for the accommodation of old people” or temporary structures, “camps or shelters” where one can temporarily accommodate people without shelter, in a state of physical or moral distress.
Recently, from about 1960 onwards, a notion more related to tourism appears; it is that of various forms of tourist accommodation, of which camping is the simplest mode. The question of reception is central to welcoming and welcoming. This is also emphasized by the evolution of the word. And this obviously raises the question of hospitality.