The promised land is not always distant, nor the target horizon totally unknown. Depayment does not necessarily mean crossing multiple oceans and borders that leave on the passport a collection of visas and stamps sometimes exotic, nor the accumulation of time differences that surrounds the eye after the return. It is often enough to change your place of residence, even a few dozen kilometers from home, to find yourself in a new environment, welcoming and relaxing. This is also the definition given by the tourist, domestic or international, the main institutions of tourism, for which “a tourist is a traveler who spends at least one night out of his usual place of residence” that we distinguish usually the day-tripper who is “a traveler making the return trip in the same day” (DGCIS, 2012). A trip refers to the period between departure and return home. Each trip may include one or more stays, a stay being defined as a place where the traveler has spent at least one night.
The traveler, or visitor, becomes a tourist when he spends a night away from his place of residence. One of the most tangible signs of this travel experience lies in the change of surroundings. To leave the daily places done at the time usually and intimacy to live elsewhere, to live something else, to live differently. Accommodation for travelers punctuates the roads of the world. Hosting the passing host, friend or stranger, has never been an innocuous act. Since antiquity, taverns, hotels-Dieu, tents, inns, cabarets, hotels and many other forms of construction, sometimes ephemeral, have everywhere welcomed travelers who came to trade, to step a pilgrimage or departing for a distant city, at the other end of the world. “Wherever men live, a traveler can live too. Nicolas Bouvier and his acolyte photographer Thierry Vernet share this precious advice from Ella Maillart – one of the first Western travelers to travel freely around the world in the first half of the 20th century – to lead one of these initiatory journeys with the story published in the early 1960s, “The Use of the World”, has turned readers’ generations upside down.
“Wherever men live, a traveler can live too. If this precept has been true for millennia, the principle of hospitality has changed profoundly in a few decades. The taste of the distant journey can no longer be summed up in the fashion of exoticism, the attraction of the garlic-their, the unknown, this exoticism which “is only the unconscious setback of a propensity to the task is to reduce the other to mirages “(Levi-Srauss, 1955). Fashions change, horizons multiply, cultures blend. The traveler no longer really adapts to the host infrastructure – apart from a few fighters who adhere to spartan hosting conditions – but it is rather the latter who would tend to adapt to him! What Nicolas Bouvier writes about
“Trip (which) goes without reasons, it does not take long to prove that it is sufficient to itself. It is believed that we will make a trip, but soon it is the trip that makes you, or defeats you “(Bouvier, 1963) is probably no longer the simple object of the hundreds of millions of tourist displays observed each year in the world. Traveling is no longer enough for itself, the conditions of travel are crucial today. Accommodation and hotels contribute massively to the competitiveness of major tourist destinations. In France, Paris is the leading convention city in Europe, because its hotel offering is one of the largest in the world. In the nineteenth century, places are erected in tourist resorts. This is the case in 1860 of the creation of the Deauville station by the Duke of Morny, half-brother of Napoleon, whom the railway connects to Paris in a few hours. The Côte d’Azur becomes a world famous brand. The presence of some palaces is probably no stranger. The new global “powers” of tourism today (China, India, Middle East) are those who invest heavily in accommodation structures and influence structural trends (demography, environment, technology, etc.).
“Hospitality and accommodation, the human challenges of hospitality” decrypts the realities and major changes in the sector, in France and internationally. The book takes into account many testimonials from professionals, analysis of relevant cases of companies and products, draws a portrait of trades and skills by comparing them with existing training.