The word seems to appear in the French language at the end of the 12th century, in 1180, at the beginning of the reign of Philippe Auguste, in the form “hostelerie” to designate “a house dependent on an abbey, where are welcomed travelers, pilgrims, the poor “. In the XIIIth century, the poet Beaumanoir gives a definition which underlines that “altar [similar] must be guarded [the] guard of the ostleries who are celebrates and estaulies to grass the povres”. In 1498, when Vasco de Gama landed in India, Charles VIII died from an accident during a game of tennis and Louis XII succeeded him, the “occupation of innkeeper” is defined in a statement of the king on the 16th of August, for “all persons who hold and exert hostages and lodges in their hostels foreigners and survenans; which if they sell wine in detail, during the time that they will host and lodge people, it will be held and reputed to sell in plate and tavern “. The terms used later are more the hotel and the hostel.
“The Encyclopedia or Dictionary of Sciences, Arts and Crafts” gives, under the direction of Diderot and D’Alembert, the following definition: “building consisting of houses, rooms, stables, courtyards and other places necessary to lodge and feed the travelers, or the people who make some stay in a city. Louis de Jaucourt, author in 1765 of the article of the Encyclopedia, describes there particularly “the Hotel of Turkey, a public building where one receives the travelers and the passans, to lodge them free. There are many foundations on the highways and in the cities of Asia. He goes on to distinguish “the hostelries found on the highways” which “are vast long or square buildings” and “which have the appearance of a barn”, “the hostelries of the cities, which are cleaner and better built “and” the hotel-leries of foundation, where one gives for all payment only a little gift to the concierge “.
The use of the word hotel is becoming frequent and common, especially from the nineteenth century. There are definitions in all the dictionaries and many jobs in the literature. The dictionary of the French Academy in its edition of 1832, defines it as a “house where travelers and passers-by are lodged and fed for their money” (Grand Hotel), to be accommodated in the hotel industry. hotel.). In the big abbeys, he says, he is particularly fond of the main building destined to receive foreigners. The word is spreading and becoming more precise. It means a house where travelers sleep and eat. It is differentiated from the “tavern and cabaret” which means almost the same thing, that is to say a place where wine is sold to pint and pint and “the inn” , a house where we take people to board and where we will eat ordinarily.
Victor Hugo uses it for example from his exile in the Channel Islands to remember in
“The” workers of the sea “, published in 1866, of his life of voyage:” there was then in Saint-Malo a small hotel on the port which one called the inn Jean “. The establishment, generally modest is most often located outside the cities, the travelers there find food and lodging. The word then takes on a triple meaning which remains today, as the establishments become elegant, defining both an establishment providing lodging and lodging for a fee, the part of an abbey intended to house the people passing through and the Hoteliers Corporation and the business sector related to the operation of hotels. It is in this latter sense that one can relate the schools and trades of the hotel industry.